A malfunctioning machine can be very frustrating, especially if there is a truck-load of work to do within a short time-frame. Some of these issues are quite concealable, and it might require the services of a trained technician. Although most of the time, when a machine runs into a sudden fault, it usually due to one of these reasons, a jammed thread, bunching or tangling. Sewing machines that run into these kinds of faults can be easily fixed. If your machine is experiencing any issues at the moment, ensure to read through this article as many of the problems will be addressed adequately.
Why Does My Sewing Machine Keep Bunching The Thread?
Also know as birdnesting, when your sewing machine keeps bunching the thread, the most probable cause might be that the device is not threaded correctly. Bunching or bird nesting is one of the most common faults found in the sewing machine. It is usually attributed to poor sewing machine threading, bobbin thread not properly threaded or weak needle threading.
Why does my thread keep breaking on my sewing machine?
The effect of a bunched up thread is eventually breakage. When your sewing machine keeps bunching your thread, and you hardly take notice, then subsequently the thread breaks, and you will have to replace it. For professional sewers, taking care of your sewing machine should be top-priority because no sewing project can take place without your machine. Most of the time, tailors are to blame when it comes to faults developed in their machines. If you subject your sewing machine to constant stitching, you should dedicate some time for periodic checks; this will ensure that all parts of your device are in good working condition. The next paragraph details various reasons why your thread keeps breaking on your sewing machine.
- Is your thread bunching up on top of your fabric?
When the sewing machine thread bunches up or forms a bird-nest on the top of your fabric, the problem usually lies with your bobbin.If your bobbin is not correctly threaded or maybe the thread has knots, not straightened out, is uneven, or is loose on the bobbin, then it has not been threaded correctly. When this is the case, the sewing force supplied by your sewing machine becomes too much for the bunched thread, and it subsequently breaks.
- Is the thread bunching up under the fabric?
If the thread is bunching up underneath your fabric, most times the problem is not with the bobbin. Most people tend to reach this conclusion, and eventually, they cause more damage to the sewing machine. Whenever this happens, the problem lies with the needle.
If the needle is not threaded correctly or the presser foot is up, you risk breaking the thread and subsequently damaging your sewing machine. Also using the wrong needle for a piece of fabric can make your thread bunch, for example, using a sharp needle for a knit fabric or a ballpoint needle for a woven fabric. If you do this, you run the risk of bunching the thread under the material and in turn ruining your sewing experience.
- Is the throat plate dirty?
The throat plate is the metal cover housing the bobbin. The sewing machine throat plate has holes or slots for the needle to pass through as it moves up and down to stitch the fabric. It accommodates the different needle positions and stitches that have been made available on the machine. When the throat plate is filled with debris and is forced through these holes, they bunch up the thread under the fabric and in turn damage the needle and the material.
Ifthe bobbin thread is stuck underneath the pieces you are sewing when you begin to sew, and the threads are stuck under the bobbin area, the needle and feed dogs will push them under the throat plate, where they can cause jams or a big wounded ball of thread on the backside of your fabric). You should pay attention to every part discussed above so that you won’t be forced to change your sewing machine if the damage becomes irreparable.
How Do Sewing Needles Affect Threading?
Sewing machine needles are one of the most common parts of your sewing machine, and they are easily changeable. Their working mechanism determines how your machine form stitches. You must understand how every part of your sewing machine needle works; this will help you in selecting the right needle size for each of the fabrics you are working on and thus prevent any damage. Knowing about the sizing information on the needle packages will help you purchase the correct size.
All sewing machine needles have the same parts. The variation in needles is determined by the shape of the parts and the length of each component.
There are various types of sewing machine needles, and each is designed to work best with a specific kind of material. The different type of needles used for your sewing, influence the threading on your sewing machine and eventually the outcome of your stitch.
The point,which is the first part of the needle to penetrate the material is essential. Getting aneedle with the right point is necessary for a good sewing product. When sewing and embroidery, the thread slips several times at high speed through the needle’s eye. Hence, choosing the right needle/thread ratio is critical. The thread will move through the needle’s eye, comfortably and snugly. If the thread is too tight in the needle, or too loose, the stitching may cause problems.
How do you know if you have the right needle to thread ratio? Here’s a quick tip to help you determine that!
Before inserting the needle into your machine, pass it through the length of the thread you have chosen for your sewing project. Then hold the thread tightly at an angle of 45 ° with the needle at the top, and let the needle slide down the thread. It’s supposed to slide continuously down the thread. If the needle hops, skips, or is stuck to the thread, the needle is too small for the yarn you have selected.
Try to move up one needle size and try the test again. If your needle and thread ratio is not proportionate, you run the risk of bunching your thread under or over the fabric.
If you mistakenly hit a pin while you were sewing or maybe struck a needle plate, you may have bent or damaged the needle. A damaged needle can lead to skipped stitches, but this can also cause the top thread to cave-in or break or even worse like putting small holes or tears in your fabric.
Check your needle size, the type and the quality before purchase so that you can avoid bunching your thread while sewing.
How Do I Thread My Sewing Machine?
For a practical sewing experience, you should ensure that all your machine parts are working correctly and more importantly, your sewing accessories, especially the sewing thread. As a beginner tailor, you may not know how to thread your machine correctly, the next few paragraphs will show you how to go about it.
- Place the cotton on the spool at the top of the machine. This may be an upright peg or one lying down, depending on the type of machine.
- Pull the thread through the thread guide on the top and then pull it towards you and round the tension disk.
- Then pull the thread back up into the second thread guide and hook it into your needle.
- Finally, you thread the needle from front to back.
This simple but crucial steps will help you thread your sewing machine without causing any damage to your needle or thread.
How are sewing needles sized?
The American system uses 8 to 19, where size 8 is a fine needle and 19 a thick heavy needle. European sizes range from 60 to 120, 60 is a fine needle and 120 being a thick heavy needle.
Can I use upholstery thread in my sewing machine?
Machines that are designed for home use, especially new machines are not built to handle upholstery weight threads, most especially if your fabric is heavy.