The company that makes sewing machines isn’t a primary concern. But, sewing machines break down in the main issue. It might be of the best quality. But, because of wear, it can stop working well.
If such a thing happens to your Janome sewing machine, especially on the tension, it will get you to learn how to do this yourself.
You don’t need to be an engineer to ace this. What you need is a buyer’s guide with step-by-step procedures, and you are good to commence. Here is a detailed guide on how to sort out Janome tension problems.
Janome Sewing Machine Tension Problems and Solutions
Various tension issues could arise when using a sewing machine, even when using your Janome model. How to fix them and do it well is what will determine its functionality.
1. Incorrect Threading
Incorrect threading can result in the knots of thread under the sewing machine. It is a primary problem. That’s because it can create a tighter or looser tension depending on the closeness of the knots.
You might have to get rid of the thread to free the knots. Avoid pulling it loose. Otherwise, you could damage your machine’s mechanism. Here’s how to deal with this:
Solution: Correct the Threading of Your Janome Model
Step 1: Remove the Bobbin and Re-Thread It
It is the first solution to prevent this from reoccurring. Use the right way to wind the bobbin by checking on the manual. Return to it and ensure that you insert it satisfactorily.
Step 2: Type of Thread
Ensure that you use the same type of thread both in the bobbin and as the top thread. If there will be any difference in the weight of the thread, this can affect the tension.
Step 3: Check the Tension Settings
Incorrect threading can affect the tension of your sewing machine. Well, there is a solution. After all, checking if your tension is correct is a good move.
Remember, the tension settings vary with the density of the fabric. Ensure to test your Janome model’s tension on a separate piece of fabric before embarking on your project.
2. Your Janome Has No Balanced Tensions
Unbalanced tension is among the common problems of various sewing machines. The Janome model isn’t an exception. Visible loops or knots can show unbalanced tension. Thus, check for this at the end of your stitch.
Your bobbin thread can show on the right. So, it could mean that the bobbin’s tension is very tight, or your thread is loose. Thus, if the needle thread appears on the wrong end, your needle tension could be loose, or the thread in the bobbin is tight.
Sometimes, when sewing a lightweight or thin fabric, both threads could show on the two sides even if your tension is well balanced. That’s because the cloth is thinner.
Solution: Balancing the tension of your Janome Sewing Machine
You can use the basic adjustment or temporary adjustment to fix it.
Step 1: Fill the Bobbin and Set the Machine
Use a thread you often use to fill the bobbin. Use medium speed for filling. It reduces the chances of thread stretching. Inset and set the needle. Thread the machine but don’t pass it through the eye on your bobbin case finger.
Step 2: Choose a Stitch Length and Test It
Set your stitch length at 2mm. For the upper tension regulator, have it at the center of its range. Moreover, check the tension. If it isn’t right, adjust your bobbin spring.
If your bobbin thread appears on the top layer, make it tighter. Likewise, loosen it if it is showing on the under layer.
The procedure is the same as the above adjustment. But, as you are switching to another thread, get the other bobbin case. Move the screw in a quarter turn. It is to adjust the tension depending on what your sample needs.
3. Bent Needle
Check the needles you have. Dispose of any that are broken, blunt, or bent. They can cause the tension to be inappropriate. Also, ensure that you insert it satisfactorily in the holder.
Solution: Correctly Fix a Needle on a Janome Sewing Machine
Select the correct size of needle recommended for your sewing machine. It should be in proper condition, i.e., not bent, broken, or blunt.
Hold your needle and identify the flat side. The needle you want should be the correct one for the weight and type of fabric you choose.
Place the flat side to the holder and lock it in well. Besides, don’t do this too tight. It prevents breakage.
4. Incorrect Dial Settings
Wrong dial settings can lead to high or low tension. They should always remain in their usual position.
Sometimes, children could sneak into your craft room and alter the settings. Besides, for most projects, you should set the dial to the 4-position.
Solution: Correct the Dial Settings
The solution is simple. Move it to 4 and set it there. It is the most typical setting for most projects.
Unless what you are working on needs a different one, leave it there. The Janome machine comes with a manual to check the correct setting for various fabric types.
Also, ensure that kids and other people don’t interfere with your settings.
When dirt accumulates on your sewing machine, it gets caught up in the bobbin, throat plate, or wheels. It could be dust or fluff. But this can affect the tension of your machine.
Solution: Cleaning Your Sewing Machine
There are no two ways to deal with a dirty sewing machine. Instead, it would help if you cleaned it up from the date of purchase. If possible, clean up all the parts.
Also, you can buy a sewing machine cover to prevent dirt from getting on it, especially when you aren’t using it.
To clean your machine, use a small paintbrush that is stiff to sweep it. It picks up any fluff and dirt. For dust, wipe it off with a clean microfiber cloth.
Moreover, check the eye of your needle well. That’s because it is another potential place for dirt to hide.
6. Ensure the Quality of Your Thread
You can’t pick any thread and use it on your Janome sewing machine. Besides, you need to consider many things like size, the type of fabric, and the quality of the thread.
Some uneven threads might break quickly and also affect the tension of your machine.
Solution: Getting the Best Quality of the Thread
Once you identify the right size of thread to use, quality will be the next crucial factor. Ensure you buy from reputable brands. It lowers the chances of getting uneven sections.
7. Damaged Janome Sewing Machine
Yes. You can be ignoring some damaged parts of your sewing machine. But, they could be the primary cause of your tension problems. Some damaged parts like the throat plate can snag your bobbin thread.
Solution: Repairing Your Machine
Before anything, avoid sewing over needles and pins. These are the primary causes of nicks in your throat plate.
Call a technician to buff these nicks and smoothen them. If the damage is too bad or the repair charges are higher, buy another plate.
8. The Top Thread Has Been Caught
No matter how careful you are while threading or sewing, this could happen. Sometimes the top thread can get caught in the base of your spool. It can lead to a tighter tension.
Solution: Securing the Top Thread
Always check on the top thread from time to time. It ensures that you can see if your thread is about to be caught.
Sometimes, tangles and knots in your thread can lead to a tighter tension. If any, untangle the thread or remove the knots before proceeding with the project.
9. Mismatched Threads
Most people do this. But, they don’t know that it causes tension problems. Mismatching here belongs to the thread type and not the color.
Solution: Match Threads
It is the only solution in case of such a scenario. What’s more, you can mismatch the color of the threads but choose a similar type and brand. Even so, this will not have an impact on your tension.
Ensure you read more about the various types of sewing threads available to avoid such cases.
These are the common problems associated with the loose or tight tension of the Janome machine. In case it still feels tense, it might be necessary to check on your dials. Adjusting the tension can be the last option to take.
But, before this, ensure that you try the quick fixes listed above. You could be having a few underlying issues that are affecting the tension.
How to Know if Your Janome Sewing Machine Tension Is Correct?
Your machine tension will be correct if the thread at the top and underside of the fabric remains balanced. There should be no loops on any sides. Moreover, the stitching too should be even.
When Should You Adjust the Tension on a Janome Sewing Machine?
You should adjust the tension if you don’t get balanced machine stitches. Also, if the bobbin thread shows on the top of the fabric, you need to adjust it. If the needle thread shows on the underside of the fabric, it is also time to make adjustments.