How To Fix Birdnesting On Embroidery Machine

Birdnesting can happen due to many reasons and is annoying. When it happens, the workflow will slow down, and lastly, it affects your speed. To ensure sewing is smooth, you have to avoid bird nesting.

However, when it has already happened, you have to focus on the process to eliminate that. Read this guide as it will help you remove birdnesting and enhance your productivity.

How To Fix Birdnesting On Embroidery Machine?

When your sewing machine is not stopped on time, birdnesting will happen. A cluster of threads gets accumulated, which stops the free flow of the thread. When such things happen, people look for different ways online.

It guides them to fix birdnesting on an embroidery machine. But there is not much description available online through which you can solve the problem.

That’s why we thought of introducing a few processes which will help in fixing birdnesting. Take a look!

Step 1: Looping happens due to too loose thread tensions and can either at the bottom or top of the design. Both tensioner and bobbin can be the reason for this, and you have to find who is responsible for the same first.

Step 2: Turn the tensioner knobs towards the right to tighten to check if it is caused due to that. For proper tension, always verify the bobbin, and it will explain the looping issue.

Step 3: On the tensioner post, check the tensioner knobs to determine slackness. The post is threaded and also has a machine out halfway above the shaft.

Step 4: Remove the knob if you find that it is loose, and after that, insert the blade of a flathead screwdriver into the slot. Reinstall the knob by gently spreading it a little.

Step 5: Did you re-check the tightness of the knob? If not, you must do it again. Design density can affect birdnesting, and due to that, the needle may find it difficult to penetrate the fabric.

Step 6: The tightness is the reason why the thread will be pulled from the needle. For that, refer to the manual that you have received with the embroidery system.

Step 7: The manual provides information on the density of the design, following which you can maintain.

Step 8: For sewing small words or letters, it is recommended to use a 4.2 density. It can be higher for letters smaller than ?, so you might need to do some trial and error.

Step 9: At times, the eye size of the needle can also be another reason affecting birdnesting. With excessively elastic fabric or too-high stitch density, it is better to look for a large-eyed needle.

Step 10: Suppose, in general, you use a needle of 70/10, and you should change it to 80/12 or 75/11. The bigger-eyed needle helps in passing the thread over the fabric smoothly.

Step 11: The most used thread is 40 gauge and looks for 80/12 needles while working with 30 gauge line thread. While using metallic threads, you can look for a 90/14 or 80/12 needle.

Step 12: To find the smoothness of movement for certain threads, it is always better to check the current thread guide. It can provide a lot of information about the same.

Other Methods To Avoid Birdnesting

Method 1: Rethread

Rethread your sewing machine by removing the thread bobbin and spool. It is done by pressing the presser foot up. After rethreading, check if the pressure foot is down for sewing.

Method 2: Replacing The Needle

A dull or damaged needle can be another problem leading to several sewing issues. Change it, and prefer using a correct size needle based on the fabric. With that, you can continue sewing without affecting your productivity.

Method 3: Check If the Presser Foot Is Down?

Before you start stitching, you have to cross-check if the presser foot is down. Sometimes, it might happen that you forgot to do so, which is why birdnesting will happen.

Thus, before anything else, place the presser foot correctly to avoid unnecessary problems.

Different Ways To Avoid Birdnesting

With the solution, we have also tried to incorporate some essential aspects that you must avoid doing. If you follow that, you can eliminate birdnesting. Well, look at the ways now:

Improper Top Threading

Ensure proper threading is a key as it guarantees the device will run efficiently and smoothly. While missing a point on the thread path, it adds tension to the above thread.

When you start the process, it gets caught in the hook, causing freezing. With that, your entire embroidery process will slow down. That’s why it is vital to find the threading that gets done properly.

Improper placement of bobbin

At times, if the bobbin has not been placed in the proper position, it cannot run smoothly. Due to that, it causes snag, giving rise to birds nesting. Stop the device, take out the bobbin case, and cut the thread.

Bring the bobbin from the case and insert it in the right way. If you find it difficult to put the bobbin, you can check the manual book. It will give you an idea of how to do it, and with that, you can resolve the issue.

Improper Thread Tension

One of the main reasons for bird nesting is incorrect thread tension. The extra thread starts unwinding from the bobbin when it is too loose. As a result, it leads to a buildup of the thread below the metal plate.

If this is the problem, rotate the tension screw present on the bobbin case in the clockwise direction. It helps in tightening the bobbin tension, eliminating any mechanical issue.

Maintenance Issues

Maintaining your sewing machine is vital to ensure birdnesting does not happen. Check if your thread has been shredding and leaving pieces, and if so, it indicates you should get the machine cleaned.

Even if it does not happen, you should still maintain your device. By maintaining it from time to time, you can eliminate the birdnesting issue. The unkept rotary hook area causes thread breaks. To avoid that, you can clean the below area of the needle plate using a small brush.

Incorrect hooping

Incorrect hooping gives rise to flagging, and it is another reason for bird nesting. Flagging in a condition when the fabric bounces down and up during embroidery.

It happens when the cloth is hooped closely, leading to expanding and slipping. The things happen on caps, preventing them from lying flat entirely.

Mechanical Issues

Sometimes, the problem can happen due to mechanical issues of the unit also. It can be more when the needle bar height or rotary hook timing is switched off, etc.

In such situations, the thread will break, giving rise to birdnesting. In case there is a mechanical problem, you have to ask for help from the experts. Without that, you cannot resolve the issue.

Positioning Issues

In some embroidery machines, positioning can lead to birdnesting. However, it is not in all machines, so you have to find out the reason first. Mainly, it happens on commercial embroidery machines.

Thus, to avoid that, you must look for things, like trimming, positioning, and hook timing. With that, you can fix the birdnesting issue whenever it happens.

Can Birdnesting Be Resolved Without Damaging The Design Of The Fabric?

Yes, birdnesting can be avoided by following the above steps. The design of the fabric will also not get affected. Try to avoid the mistakes that lead to birdnesting.

It can be improper hooping, improper threading, placing the bobbin incorrectly, etc.

Is It Easy To Fix Birdnesting?

Yes, it is easy, and you will come across several videos showing how to do it. However, the step-by-step procedure explained above is sufficient for anyone to understand how to fix the problem.



I'm Jessica Flores, a professional fashion designer and an expert seamstress. Crafting has always been a deep-seated passion of mine, one that has flourished and evolved over the years. I've dedicated considerable time to both studying and practicing in the realm of fashion and sewing, amassing a wealth of experience and skills. It brings me great joy to share these insights and experiences with you all, hoping to inspire and foster a similar passion for the art of sewing.

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